Dr. Tom Friedon
Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, juggled an Ebola outbreak in Africa while traveling in Eastern Kentucky last month to learn about the region's stark health disparities. Kentucky's lung cancer rate exceeds the nation's by 67 percent, and in Eastern Kentucky it's even higher. The state's ranking on heart disease has actually worsened, Frieden reported, going from 30 percent above the U.S. rate in 1999 to 54 percent in 2011. How can we fight this scourge? Frieden prescribed: Higher tobacco taxes, Public smoking bans, Aggressive advertising about how smoking and tobacco use harm human health.
By Chris KenningThe Courier-JournalWith a smoking rate that tops the nation, Kentucky is further tightening tobacco restrictions for 33,000 state workers, Gov. Steve Beshear said Thursday.A new executive order will expand a 2006 ban on smoking inside state buildings to include surrounding property such as sidewalks, lawns and parking lots, while extending it to include all forms of tobacco such as snuff, chew or e-cigarettes — and it will apply to state vehicles.State parks, rest areas, some veterans centers and the state fairgrounds will be among those areas exempted under a new policy, which is effective Nov. 20 for the state’s largest employer in 2,888 buildings.“When it comes to preventable illnesses and deaths, nothing in Kentucky is as devastating as smoking and tobacco use,” Beshear said. “Today’s policy is about improving our health.”The order, signed Thursday, comes after the General Assembly earlier this year rejected legislation that would have prohibited smoking in workplaces throughout the state, which opponents said trampled the rights of property and business owners.Amy Barkley, head of the Smoke-free Kentucky advocacy group, applauded Thursday’s action, saying in a statement that it would protect non-smokers and help others quit. The state says about 5,000 of its workers use tobacco.“We are hopeful that this policy will motivate the legislature to pass a comprehensive, statewide, smoke-free law that will protect the rest of Kentucky workers from secondhand smoke exposure in all other indoor workplaces,” she said.But the new policy did not go over well among state workers in the outdoor smoking area at Louisville’s L&N building on Broadway, which houses hundreds of employees with the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services offices.“My health is my business, not his,” said state worker Amy Frith, who sat at a wooden picnic table on a converted loading dock with a half-dozen other upset smokers, who said it would force them across the street. “Fix our economy, don’t worry about what we’re smoking.”Others said they smoked because their jobs were stressful and poorly paid, and noted they already paid a health care surcharge for smoking. Frith added, “Is he going to come and take my Hershey’s bars, too?”A recent Gallup-Healthways report found Kentucky topped states in smoking, at 30.2 percent — a rank it has held since 2008. Nearly 7,900 residents die each year of smoking related illnesses, in a state with one of the nation’s highest rates of lung cancer.Beshear said he and the General Assembly have already worked to raise taxes on cigarettes, expanding counseling services to quit and banning sale of e-cigarettes to youth.Yet with the smoking rate slowly falling nationally to 19.7 percent — and 33 states having bans on smoking in private worksites and restaurants — support for smoking bans is growing, even in Kentucky, polls show.A Bluegrass Poll earlier this year found that, for the first time, a majority, or 57 percent, supported a statewide ban. Supporters included groups such as the Kentucky Chamber, which argued that smoking costs the state billions a year and raises health care costs.Beshear said tobacco-related health care costs amount to nearly $1.9 billion a year in Kentucky.At least 39 Kentucky cities and counties have enacted or adopted some sort of smoke-free law, including Louisville and Lexington, according to the University of Kentucky’s Tobacco Policy Research Program. Some are stricter than others, advocates say.The latest move by Beshear adds to the executive order signed by Governor Ernie Fletcher in 2006. Prior to that, the state was required to provide access to indoor smoking facilities in office buildings. The L&N, for example, had a large indoor smoking room.He said he include e-cigarettes because, while they do not contain tobacco, do contain nicotine and can increase the likelihood of someone smoking.Asked how it would be enforced, he said that “we’re not going to have tobacco police” but said that “anyone who repeatedly refuses to abide by the policy would be subject to disciplinary action.”At the L&N, security guard Wesley Burton said he was going to have to stop people from smoking while he, too, would be craving a smoke.The policy doesn’t include the General Assembly or the judicial branch, but Beshear said he hoped other offices and even employers would follow suit. He said the state would continue to offer programs to help employees quit.He highlighted a state goal to reduce smoking by ten percent across the state, and said he planned to support another attempt to pass a broad state smoking ban in 2015.“We’re setting an example here,” he said.Smoking will be banned at property surrounding state buildings including:• Sidewalks• Lawns• Parking lots• State VehiclesExempt locations:• State parks• rest areas• some veterans centers• State fairgrounds
The Lexington-Fayette County Board of Health is exploring restricting the use of electronic cigarettes in public spaces and how to best educate the public about their dangers.
Describing tobacco companies as "evil," Board Chairman Scott White said there is more news every day about the problems with e-cigarettes. Most of America's big tobacco companies have purchased e-cigarette companies, which are sometimes touted in advertisements as a safer alternative to traditional cigarettes.White, an attorney who has faced Big Tobacco in the courtroom, noted many of the flavors of e-cigarettes, like bubble gum, are targeted at children. "If marketing a deadly product to children isn't evil I don't know what is," said White, who helped lead the state's effort to sue the tobacco companies in the late 1990s."We have enough history with the tobacco industry to know we need to get ahead of this," said White, during a meeting of the board Monday.The exact steps the board of health will take need to be determined. But White said, "everything is on the table".Options including amending Lexington's current smoking ban to include e-cigarettes and creating a public education campaign.White also said he planned to send a letter to Superintendent Tom Shelton asking the Fayette County Public School system to join the board in fighting the spread of e-cigarettes.Ellen Hahn, director of Kentucky Center for Smoke-Free Policy at the University of Kentucky, said five other Kentucky communities restrict e-cigarettes as part of their smoke-free ordinances: Bardstown, Glasgow, Manchester, Danville and Madison County.Hahn said it's now considered a "best practice" to include electronic cigarettes in smoke-free laws because they are a tobacco product and they pollute the air. E-cigarettes give off tiny particles that can lodge in the lungs and cause disease, she said.When Lexington passed its ban in 2003, e-cigarettes had not yet been introduced in the United States.Dr. Stephanie Mayfield, Kentucky's commissioner of public health, told the board the state has a goal of reducing overall smoking by 10 percent.Public health departments in the state are helping to reduce smoking rates in Kentucky. Mayfield said the rates remain high with about 29 percent of adults smoking and approximately 18 percent people younger than 18.The state has also reported a leap in nicotine poisonings and that leap has been tied to e-cigarettes.In April Gov. Steve Beshear signed a law banning the sale of e-cigarettes to minors.
By Mary MeehanLexington Herald-Leader
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