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While President Trump has promised to put coal miners back to work—a promise experts don’t expect to happen—thousands of retired miners are in danger of losing health benefits and the future of the United Mine Workers of America hangs in the balance, Dylan Brown reports for Greenwire.

On April 28, about 23,000 former UMWA miners or their widows will lose their health care and pensions, “and health funds for more than 120,000 total retirees face the same threat down the road.”

The UMWA, which had 500,000 members at its peak in the 1930s, had 67,440 at the end of 2016, with fewer than 8,000 still mining coal, Brown writes. The reason is that most are retired, meaning more people are relying on payouts than paying in.

Twenty percent of coal jobs are covered by union contracts, compared to six percent for the overall private sector, Brown writes.

“But most major coal companies have no union miners at all. And bankruptcy—which almost all have faced—not only shrank the industry but sheared off hundreds of millions of dollars in obligations to retired miners.” UMWA President Cecil Roberts told Brown, “There is no remedy here available to us other than Congress. We’re not saying we’re going to win, lose or draw here. But we are saying we’re going to fight until there is no other place to fight. This really is a life-and-death proposition for us.”

In 1946, when negotiations broke down between coal operators and UMWA, President Harry S. Truman “stepped in and nationalized the country’s mines,” Brown writes. That led to the signing on May 29, 1946, of the National Bituminous [Coal] Wage Agreement, which “mandated a six-day workweek and safety code, but it also created the first miner health and retirement plans. That set a precedent for government-backed benefits that still holds today, the UMWA argues.”

Coal began to see a decline after the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, “which tackled acid rain, put a premium on low-sulfur coal at power plants,” Brown writes. That led to a shift of production from Appalachia to the Powder River Basin of Wyoming and Montana, and to surface mines, which require fewer miners. “More coal was being mined and burned than ever. In 1999, for the first time, more coal came from west of the Mississippi River than east. Coal from unionized mines took the hit, Roberts said, and today accounts for less than 20 percent of all U.S. coal. The shift cost the UMWA more than 20,000 jobs.”

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The Rural Blog is a digest of events, trends, issues, ideas and journalism from and about rural America, from the IRJCI, based at the University of Kentucky. The Institute for Rural Journalism and Community Issues is an extension program for rural journalists and news outlets. It takes no positions on issues and advocates only for strong news coverage, responsible commentary and things that make them possible, such as open-government laws. For more information see


0 #5 Pappy 2017-04-26 01:53
It's easy to promise things until they actually have to start paying for them. Then they always want the taxpayer to bail them out. Tired of it!!! What about a miner that doesn't work for the money hungry union? Who's going to pay his retirement? Why does his taxes have to pay for a union that cannot support their selves? Crazy world here in the US.
0 #4 Truth 2017-04-25 19:53
It has nothing to do with Unions but everything to do with Corporate Greed, Union membership was highest in the 50's and 60's when the U.S. had a strong middle class then the Republicans decided it would be more profitable for their cronies to allow the tax rate to be dropped on the wealthy and reward them to send jobs over seas. All you have to do is read a little to find out this is fact. Trickle Down Economies don't work except for the rich but the Republicans keep pushing it and the foolish keep voting them in.
Honestly what has Crooked Mitch McConnell ever done for Kentucky except lie to its citizens.
+2 #3 Costs 2017-04-22 22:01
Why are cars $50,000 ? Why is a box of cereal $5.oo? Why are police and fireman pensions going broke? Why did AK Steel close? Why do companies go to other countries to produce goods? Why do city and state taxes continue to raise in our largest cities?
+2 #2 no thanks 2017-04-21 11:08
Unions over-promised and mismanaged for years, while the union bosses made big bucks. Why should taxpayers foot the bill?
+3 #1 Govt 2017-04-20 18:49
The government cannot bail out all mismanaged unions.

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